Following up on my previous post, here are lists of some comparisons that Confucius did between 【君子】true leader and 【小人】the little man. There might be more, but this list is interesting for your reference.
1. 君子周而不比、小人比而不周 【為政第二】
True leaders meet fairly with people without bias. The little men are biased and unfair.
Ture leader understands justice, while the little men focus on their benefit.
I struggled to translate this one. Why? Because “利” also means profit. If focusing on profit means being the little men, business people suffer. Confucius did concentrate on agriculture, not commerce. But he did not deny business. In Japan, we have this strong tradition, started by Eiichi Shibusawa, to apply Confucianism to business.
True leaders stay peaceful and calm. The little men are constantly irritated.
The true leader develops people’s strengths while preventing the weakness from developing. The little men do the opposite.
True leaders create harmony but have their opinion. The little men compromise easily but are not necessarily peaceful.
This sentence is about identity. It is about leaders having their identity. In contrast, the little men are passive.
True leaders are not arrogant and calm. The little men are snobbish and noisy.
True leaders develop, and the little men decline.
From this context, true leaders gain education and morals. They develop toward the ideal. The little men chase small technics.
True leaders see the cause in themselves. The little men blame the others.
By looking into this list;
A. It is a good list for reflection.
B. Ohno selected “drastic change” out of all these choices to start his book.
C. Analects are amazing